The CrPC amendments are the codification of the Indian Supreme Court’s orders on arrest and the procedures to follow upon arrests. Read on to understand what these amendments mean.
Impact of Amendments:
(a) This amendment stops the police from making arbitrary arrests. The very fact that reasons shall have to be recorded in writing fixes responsibility and makes the Police Officer accountable for justifying the arrest. Recording an arbitrary reason would be difficult, since it would need to be substantiated and will also be open to judicial scrutiny. As a matter of fact, to have power to make an arrest is one thing, but to justify that arrest is something completely different. And it is precisely this gap which the amendment seeks to bridge.
(b) The amendment lays considerable stress on the importance of investigation before an arrest is made or not made. Which further means that the officer must be convinced about the bonafides of the case. A mere complaint would not be enough to exercise the power of arrest.
(c) Insertion of Section 41A, pertaining to issue of Notice of Appearance, is in line with the Right to Life and Liberty of Indian citizens. It would also help bring down the number of arrests, which in turn would decongest the crowded Indian jails. Simultaneously, the innocents too can feel secure in case they stand a chance of exposure to implication in false cases.
(d) System of Administration of Law and Justice would become more transparent. The amended CrPC Act together with the Right to Information Act (RTI) would be able to inject necessary checks and balances in the Process of Administration of Law in India. But then, a lot depends on how awakened the citizens are to their Right to Information.
Here are the CrPC amendments:
Here is the notification in the Gazette with date of enforcement: