I’ve always wondered how a non-compoundable criminal offence like a 498A can be compounded (withdrawn) with a “compromise”.
This is the case of Ram Lal Vs St Of Jammu And Kashmir. A pay off is made to settle the case after the conviction and an appeal is made to the Supreme Court.
In this judgment the Supreme Court says “We hold that an offence which law declares to non-compoundable even with the permission of the cannot be compounded at all.”
Here is a judgment that explains/explores that: Non-Compoundable Offence Cannot Be Compounded
The Section 320 of CPC, 1973, has a table that shows which cases can be compounded.
Here is the link to the CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE, 1973 (CPC, 1973)