Archive for August 26th, 2008

A Few Notes On CrPC 125

The credit for this info goes to the original poster/researcher, a great guy and a true 498A warrior.

A Few Notes On Crpc 125

1. The code has dangerous implications – any wife (that includes divorced women) may file a petition for maintenance under CrPC 125. In the event that she doesn’t marry anyone, you are liable for her maintenance for the remainder of her life. You are liable no matter what, whether you pay or you don’t that’s your choice. If you don’t pay maintenance, the Order can go to execution resulting in a warrant against you and potentially Passport cancellation (Passport Act, 1967) – I repeat, passport cancellation – that DOES NOT mean you will be extradited – but it’s a concern nevertheless.

2. Divorced wife means – whether she lives in adultery doesnt affect her rights to maintenance – ONLY if she is capable of earning on her own (has a job) OR gets married – then you are off the hook. Or, you may get US or Canadian citizenship in which case the Indian law doesn’t affect you unless you land in India. Unpaid maintenance resulting in a warrant still remains valid within Indian jurisdiction.

3. Most importantly, US divorce – contested, uncontested, ex-parte, mutual consent, whatever… don’t matter in the case of CrPC 125……the Magistrate at the lower court, may upon his/her discretion, ignore the US court’s verdict. His call on “change of circumstances” is final… if the girl had a job in the US (legal or illegal) and she returns to India just for fun… that’s a change in fiscal circumstance and she may be entitled for maintenance u/s CrPC 125.

Even if you pay/settle in the U.S. or India – she may still claim and get more maintenance, if she has reasons – such as a medical need or any other life events that have changed her fiscal condition (she has blown all the money you had paid in permanent maintenance) .

No matter how fool proof your marital termination agreement here is, she can claim and get maintenance u/s CrPC 125. Monetary sanctions against a wife levied in the US has no impact in India as Indian law and judgments will be based on Indian public policy and socio-economic context.

4. The only silver lining is – if you can smoke her out in the U.S. to participate in a contested divorce, at least the divorce is valid in India.

5. Finally, marital misconduct in the U.S. such as restraining orders on wife’s or arrests of abusive wives may have some feeble impact, if any, on the “FINAL” maintenance order. As far as the interim “maintenance pendente lite” – court awards temporary maintenance based on prima facie assumption of truth on the girl’s petition and cursory review of preliminary facts.

Bad news huh? Well, I learned it/learning it the hard way.

This doesn’t mean however, that we shouldn’t fight – if your case has merits (or so you think) – keep fighting… the ONLY two prongs we have –

1. Lengthier procedure may frustrate the girl’s party

2. She may get married…Hope and pray that she gets married

In this gloom and doom, some rays of hope:

  • Mumbai HC: Deserting without just Cause. No Maintenance
  • THE HIGH COURT AT CALCUTTA
    Criminal Revisional Jurisdiction
    Appellate Side

    Amal Mukherjee
    versus
    Pranati Mukherjee & Anr.

    C.R.R. NO. 399 of 2007

    In the case of Md. Jahangir Khan Vs. Mst. Manoara Bibi, reported  in 1992 Cri L.J. 83, a Division Bench of our High Court held that the future salary not being a tangible corporeal property the same cannot be attached for recovery of the arrear maintenance.

  • More to come…

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Mumbai Police Circular On Arresting Women – 2004

This is yet another circular uncovered by PIFF.

In this circular, the police pretty much come up with their own rules, in defiance of the directives of the Supreme Court on the arrest of women.

Here is the circular:  Mumbai Police Circular On Arresting Women – 2004

Here is the other set of directives/circulars uncovered by PIFF through RTIs:

Maharashtra Home And Police Depts Joginder Kumar Compliance Orders

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Some Interesting Stats On Arrests Of Women

In 1930, the British govt arrested 17,000 women for their involvement in the Dandi Yatra (Salt March). During 1937 to 1947 (10 Years), they arrested 5,000 women involved in the freedom struggle. From 2004 to 2006, the govt of India arrested 90,000 women of all ages under 498A. On the average, 27,000 women per year are being arrested under this flawed law. These are stats from the NCRB.

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Disclaimer:

The family of the writer was tortured by the Indian Police in an attempt to extort over a $100,000 by holding them in custody for over a week. The police, in cahoots with the magistrate and the PP, did this due to the ridiculous allegations made in a 498A case by his embittered ex-wife. She filed the case years after he and his family had last seen her. Thousands of 498A cases are filed each year in India by women seeking to wreak vengeance on their husbands and in-laws. Enormous sums are extorted from intimidated families implicated in these cases by corrupt Indian police officers and elements of the Indian judiciary. The author and his family haven't bribed any public official nor have they given in to the extortion. This blog aims to raise awareness of due process in India. The content of this blog constitutes, opinions, observations, and publicly available documents. The intent is not to slander or defame anyone or any institution and is the manifestation of the author's right to freedom of expression – with all the protections this right guarantees.

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