CrPC Amendments Are In Effect

The CrPC amendments are the codification of the Indian Supreme Court’s orders on arrest and the procedures to follow upon arrests. Read on to understand what these amendments mean.

Impact of Amendments:

(a) This amendment stops the police from making arbitrary arrests. The very fact that reasons shall have to be recorded in writing fixes responsibility and makes the Police Officer accountable for justifying the arrest. Recording an arbitrary reason would be difficult, since it would need to be substantiated and will also be open to judicial scrutiny. As a matter of fact, to have power to make an arrest is one thing, but to justify that arrest is something completely different. And it is precisely this gap which the amendment seeks to bridge.

(b) The amendment lays considerable stress on the importance of investigation before an arrest is made or not made. Which further means that the officer must be convinced about the bonafides of the case. A mere complaint would not be enough to exercise the power of arrest.

(c) Insertion of Section 41A, pertaining to issue of Notice of Appearance, is in line with the Right to Life and Liberty of Indian citizens. It would also help bring down the number of arrests, which in turn would decongest the crowded Indian jails. Simultaneously, the innocents too can feel secure in case they stand a chance of exposure to implication in false cases.

(d) System of Administration of Law and Justice would become more transparent. The amended CrPC Act together with the Right to Information Act (RTI) would be able to inject necessary checks and balances in the Process of Administration of Law in India. But then, a lot depends on how awakened the citizens are to their Right to Information.

You can read more about these amendments by clicking on this link.

Kerala Police Circular on CrPC Amendments

Here are the CrPC amendments:

CrPC amendments As Passed

Here is the notification in the Gazette with date of enforcement:



39 Responses to “CrPC Amendments Are In Effect”

  1. 1 krishankmittal January 29, 2011 at 4:37 am

    At last the changes have been effected.Thsse should be given wide publicity


  2. 2 affected January 30, 2011 at 12:49 am

    Can you explain this in simple language ? I got your mail about this amendment since I subscribe to this blog – however, I do not get the full impact.

    It appears that one will no longer be arrested if one is willing to appear in court. Is this true ?

    The date of this amendment is 2 nov 2010 but I got your mail only today in jan 2011 – does this mean that the government delayed the publication of this notice ?

    A NBW warrant was issued three years ago – will that now be cancelled ? If not, automatically , is there a process for this now ?


  3. 3 affected January 31, 2011 at 11:45 am

    There is also no mention in the press about this. Can you pl. elucidate , what this implies for fresh and old cases ?

    Thanks very much.


  4. 4 Kris February 1, 2011 at 12:37 am

    If there is already an NBW against you, this amendment would not be of much help to you. You need to appear in court and get regular bail. This notification should help people like you in the first place in avoiding NBWs issued against yourselves by corrupt magistrates in collusion with the corrupt police.

    After this notification, police cannot arrest a person upon mere registration of an FIR against that person. If the police were arrest an individual (or not arrest a person) against whom an FIR is registered, the police have to record the reasons in the police diary. These entries are subject to RTI and to judicial scrutiny.

    Now, it is upto the individual citizens to stand up against the police/judicial tyranny and stand up for their rights.


  5. 5 affected February 1, 2011 at 3:35 am

    Thanks for your kind explanation. A matter of pity that the vast majority of people who fled residences to avoid this 498A related arrest will not get relief.

    It is a matter of great relief that citizens now can face a 408A case squarely. They can go to the police station and give their statement. Upon which if the police then wishes to take them into custody the police will have to go to a magistrate and then get an arrest warrant.

    Is this a correct assumption ?

    Once again , Kris , many thanks for your kind clarification.


  6. 6 affected February 2, 2011 at 5:22 pm

    Can I send you a personal email ?



  7. 7 affected February 2, 2011 at 6:03 pm

    Can you kindly give

    a)a list of states where this is compoundable ?

    b)give a chapter on how the case has been withdrawn successfully ? If the wife is ready to withdraw , then how to do so without having to appear in court ?



    • 8 Om November 19, 2011 at 4:40 pm

      Can you kindly give

      a)a list of states where this is compoundable ?
      b)give a chapter on how the case has been withdrawn successfully ? If the wife is ready to withdraw , then how to do so without having to appear in court ?



  8. 9 affected February 3, 2011 at 11:00 am

    Sorry, I do not wish to go off-topic ; how to contact you otherwise ?

    Here is something interesting

    The case of B S Joshi vs State of Haryana, AIR 2003 is interesting in this regard. The case was about the matter related to Section 498A, which is non-compoundable offence. In this case, the parties reached a compromise but the High Court refused to quash the FIR, on the ground that the offence is non-compoundable. However, SC held that in the backdrop of the interpretation of the various relevant provisions of the Code under Chapter XIV and of the principles of law enunciated by this Court in a series of decisions relating to the exercise of the extraordinary power under Article 226 or the inherent powers under Section 482 of the Code, such power could be exercised either to prevent abuse of the process of any court or otherwise to secure the ends of justice, though it may not be possible to lay down any precise, clearly defined and sufficiently channelised and inflexible guidelines or rigid formulate and to give an exhaustive list of myriad kinds of cases wherein such power should be exercised. It further observed that in this case, the parties were not asking for compounding the offence but for quashing the FIR. It observed that since because of the amicable settlement, there is no chance of conviction and in such a case the court has the power to quash the proceeding.

    Does this mean that if the wife is ready to withdraw 498a case it will work ? Is there hope ?


  9. 10 ashis May 8, 2011 at 2:16 pm





  10. 11 Another Victim August 14, 2011 at 3:12 pm

    I still do not understand it completely. Again, as someone asked, can it REALLY prevent police from arresting just after FIR? Can police still find loopholes in this? I am another victim of 498a, I am in US, and the main accused. My whole family in India (with whom she lived less than two weeks) has been accused of torturing, harassing, beating and what not for DOWRY. She also writes in FIR that I tried to kill her for DOWRY and ends the FIR with ‘She is left with no other option due to this than to end her life’, whereas she is actually enjoying in US right now, looking to settle there, which was the ONLY motive she married me for.


  11. 13 Another Victim August 14, 2011 at 3:32 pm

    (Adding to the above post) What if the police has already come once to our house to threaten us to call all of us to India, otherwise he said he would put everyone in jail.


  12. 14 Atul August 31, 2011 at 6:53 am

    As I understand after notification of above mentioned CrPC amendments under section 40 and 41, there are 2 distinct cases. 1. Where arrest is required to be made and other 2. Where arrest is not required to be made. IO decides in which category your’s fall. In both cases he is required to justify and must obtain appropriate orders from Senior Police officer of designated rank. Now after this amendment decision making shifts to Senior level. What is the time frame to obtain appropriate orders? How ‘This effectively ends the 498A extortion industry’ is not clear. Will the administrator explain?


  13. 15 Sharma November 4, 2011 at 5:36 am

    The Rajya Sabha has made valuable recommendations

    What do you think of them ?


  14. 16 Shailender KAUSHAL November 21, 2011 at 6:38 am

    Sir can I get a response on following :
    FIR in question is quashed after main accused 1 and 2 and complainent entered in to compromise and High court Quashed the FIR and all proceedings, subsequently lower court send file to record room.

    later complainent manipulated and wen trying to correct the date of order, got correction done n main order and put a word Qua the Peritioner, and Now lower court with that amendment has send Bailable warrant to appear in the lower court against accused 3 and 4

    what stand do we take…. to proceed further action.


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    Please tell me whether police has to issue sumons before arresting under section 498A? Whether they can arrest without investigation?


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  29. 31 Hero October 2, 2015 at 3:54 pm

    This section says that if the police officer is not arresting as per section 41a of the CRPC, he has to record his reasons in writing.

    Nowhere does it stop a police officer from making an arrest.


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  1. 1 The 498A Survival Center « IPC 498A Trackback on September 26, 2012 at 3:31 am
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Some Interesting Stats On Arrests Of Women

In 1930, the British govt arrested 17,000 women for their involvement in the Dandi Yatra (Salt March). During 1937 to 1947 (10 Years), they arrested 5,000 women involved in the freedom struggle. From 2004 to 2006, the govt of India arrested 90,000 women of all ages under 498A. On the average, 27,000 women per year are being arrested under this flawed law. These are stats from the NCRB.

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The family of the writer was tortured by the Indian Police in an attempt to extort over a $100,000 by holding them in custody for over a week. The police, in cahoots with the magistrate and the PP, did this due to the ridiculous allegations made in a 498A case by his embittered ex-wife. She filed the case years after he and his family had last seen her. Thousands of 498A cases are filed each year in India by women seeking to wreak vengeance on their husbands and in-laws. Enormous sums are extorted from intimidated families implicated in these cases by corrupt Indian police officers and elements of the Indian judiciary. The author and his family haven't bribed any public official nor have they given in to the extortion. This blog aims to raise awareness of due process in India. The content of this blog constitutes, opinions, observations, and publicly available documents. The intent is not to slander or defame anyone or any institution and is the manifestation of the author's right to freedom of expression – with all the protections this right guarantees.

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