Archive for the 'High Court' Category

AP HC Gives A Lesson In Life

Here is the translation:

Hyderabad Nov. 1: The Andhra Pradesh High Court on Thursday dismissed a petition filed by Ms Sumakiran Mallena, a software professional, requesting that her husband be prevented from donating a portion of his liver to his ailing father. While dismissing the petition, Justice C.V. Nagarjuna Reddy said he was pained that the petitioner had ignored the fundamental reality that her husband owed his existence on this earth to his parents. “It is the selfless sacrifices of the parents that make a child grow and prosper in every respect,” he said. The petitioner had also ignored the reality that nobody could limit or control the mutual affection between parents and children, said the judge. “I find it hard to refrain from expressing some of my feelings before parting with this case,” he remarked. Justice Reddy pointed out that the petitioner did not seem to be conscious of the fact that she herself was a prospective parent and might be in the same situation. He said that the facts of the case raised more ethical issues than legal or constitutional issues, and added that a family squabble was being given the colour of a Constitutional issue in the writ petition. Sumakiran, software analyst in the Intergraph Consulting Private Limited in Secunderabad, is the wife of Nagasayana Baki who is working as a telecom engineer in Minneapolis of the United States . His father, B.G.K. Prasad, is suffering from liver cirrhosis and is being treated at the Apollo Indraprasta Hospital in Delhi . Sumakiran said in her petition that doctors had advised liver transplantation and her husband had flown in from the US on October 20 to donate a portion of his liver to his father. According to her, this would affect the health of her 29-year-old husband, which, in turn will affect her life. “My life will be doomed… in the land of disease and misery,” she said. “It directly offends my right to life and liberty”. She contended that parental affection should be kept under check after a person gets married. However, the judge dismissed the assumptions. “The contention of the petitioner that her husband’s act violates her right under Article 21 is wholly beyond my comprehension,” he said.

Here is a clipping sent to me:

AP HC Gives A Lesson In Life

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SC: The Mother Is Not Always The Natural Guardian – 2004

This is the Anil Kumble case. It is remarkable, the manner in which all the parties conducted themselves so decently.

Here is the news article from TOI.

Here is the judgment: SC: The Mother Is Not Always The Natural Guardian

This judgment appears to contradict the Gita Hariharan case (1999), but a close reading shows that the SC is giving the well being of the child,  the most importance.

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National Criminal Justice Reference Service

Here is the link. The source is the home page of Dr Arvind Verma

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A Guide To Court Procedures In India

Folks,
What are the procedures that are followed when a case goes to court?I don’t know and I am sure that you don’t know either. I am searching/looking for this info and it would be great if someone could gift me this information. I found this book called “A Handbook Of Court Procedures In India” at this site.
Here is an Alternative site.
Here is an overview of the book: ” There is a general feeling among Indians that resorting to court proceedings leads to empty-wallets and heavy heads. This feeling is partly attributable to lack of awareness among common folk about court procedures in India. The present work is an attempt to bring this basic awareness in the litigant’s mind that courts are meant to serve the people by providing the necessary relief. Basic knowledge of court procedures has become a necessity in the modern complex societies. This work envisages a utility not only for the general public but also for the students of law who enter the courts with no knowledge of court procedures.”
This is a good place to start. I will post more info as I go along.

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An Example Of A Writ Mandamus-The Shankaracharya Case

I had written about restraining a police officer from abusing his powers in a previous post

Here is the excerpt from the judgment from that post that explains writ mandamus:

“It appears to us that, though the Code of Criminal Procedure gives to the police unfettered power to investigate all cases where they suspect that a cognizable offence has been committed, in appropriate cases an aggrieved person can always seek a remedy by invoking the power of the High Court under Article 226 of the Constitution under which, if the High Court could be convinced that the power of investigation has been exercised by a police officer mala fide, the High Court can always issue a writ of mandamus restraining the police officer from misusing his legal power”

I was looking for a good example of a judgment in response to a writ mandamus petition. I found a great example. This is the case of the Kanchi Shankaracharya who got entangled in a criminal case.

Looks like the police froze the accounts of the trust he runs and subsequently, the writ mandamus was filed and upheld by the Chennai High Court.

The Hon’ble judge says:

“Prof.Wade, in his magnum opus “ADMINISTRATIVE LAW”, (9th Edition – Page 343), observes as follows, while dealing with “Restriction of Discretion”: ” The first requirement is the recognition that all power has legal limits. The next requirement, no less vital, is that the courts should draw those limits in a way which strikes the most suitable balance between executive efficiency and legal protection of the citizen. Parliament constantly confers upon public authorities powers which on their face might seem absolute and arbitrary. But arbitrary power and unfettered discretion are what the courts refuse to countenance. They have woven a network of restrictive principles which require statutory powers to be exercised reasonably and in good faith, for proper purposes only, and in accordance with the spirit as well as the letter of the empowering Act.”

I am adding this here, as the cops play the role of the intimidator, bounty hunter, goon and extortionist in almost all 498A cases. A writ mandamus is one of the means to put them in their place. If you need more convincing, re-read the excerpt from the judgment above.

Here is the judgment: Chennai HC: An Example Of A Writ Mandamus

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Police Can Arrest On Magistrate’s ‘order’: Mumbai HC

Here is the article

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Calcutta HC: No Alimony For Leaving Hubbies On Flimsy Grounds

Folks,
Here is the judgment. It is a large file (1.4Mb): No Alimony For Leaving Hubbies On Flimsy Grounds

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TIMES NEWS NETWORK
Kolkata: Here is one for the harassed husbands’ club. If a woman leaves her husband’s home on “flimsy grounds”, she is not entitled to maintenance, the Calcutta High Court has ruled.
On Thursday, the HC set aside a lower court’s order and asked a Baranagar youth to stop paying his estranged wife a monthly allowance, after judging that she had left her husband’s home “on flimsy grounds”. The landmark judgment is one of those rare cases where the husband gets reprieve in a case under the stringent section 498A, which is meant to prevent harassment of women but is sometimes exploited by the fair sex for unfair ends. The ruling came as a relief for Baranagar’s Partha Pratim Banik who was locked in a bruising battle with his estranged wife, Arundhati. Their marriage had not been a happy one and they had frequent quarrels. According to sources, Arundhati left Partha’s home suddenly one morning, taking along their fouryear-old son, and filed a case against her husband and inlaws under section 498A for “physical and mental torture”. Later, she claimed in court that Partha had cheated her by claiming he was a computer engineer whereas he was a “computer mechanic”.
A Barrackpore court granted her plea and directed Partha to pay her a monthly maintenance of Rs 1,700 — Rs 1,000 for the boy and Rs 700 for Arundhati. Partha appealed against th e order in high court. The case came up for its final hearing on Thursday. Partha’s counsel Koushik Dey said that the allegations against Partha were false and that Arundhati had left her home voluntarily without any concrete reason. He cited section 4 of 125 CrPC, which states that a wife who refuses to stay with her husband without sufficient reason is not entitled to a maintenance allowance. Dey also claimed that Partha was willing to take Arundhati back home, but she had refused.

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Some Interesting Stats On Arrests Of Women

In 1930, the British govt arrested 17,000 women for their involvement in the Dandi Yatra (Salt March). During 1937 to 1947 (10 Years), they arrested 5,000 women involved in the freedom struggle. From 2004 to 2006, the govt of India arrested 90,000 women of all ages under 498A. On the average, 27,000 women per year are being arrested under this flawed law. These are stats from the NCRB.

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Disclaimer:

The family of the writer was tortured by the Indian Police in an attempt to extort over a $100,000 by holding them in custody for over a week. The police, in cahoots with the magistrate and the PP, did this due to the ridiculous allegations made in a 498A case by his embittered ex-wife. She filed the case years after he and his family had last seen her. Thousands of 498A cases are filed each year in India by women seeking to wreak vengeance on their husbands and in-laws. Enormous sums are extorted from intimidated families implicated in these cases by corrupt Indian police officers and elements of the Indian judiciary. The author and his family haven't bribed any public official nor have they given in to the extortion. This blog aims to raise awareness of due process in India. The content of this blog constitutes, opinions, observations, and publicly available documents. The intent is not to slander or defame anyone or any institution and is the manifestation of the author's right to freedom of expression – with all the protections this right guarantees.

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